Western Sitatunga

Tragelaphus spekii

Common name

Western Sitatunga

Habitat

An animal with a semi-aquatic habit, it limits many of its activities to swampy areas rich in vegetation, dense reedbeds, river, stream and lake environments, and wooded shoals.
Features

Family

bovidae

Medals

Artiodactyla

Class

Mammalia

Gestation

About 247 days.

Number of offspring

1.

Preproduction

ESB

Diet

Reeds, aquatic plants and grasses, occasionally browses.

Life

About 19 years old.

Biology and behavior

This bovid with dense hair and white markings on the body and face usually lives in swampy areas with dense vegetation, where it can hide from predators. There is a clear sexual dimorphism in this species, so that the males have a darker brown color than the females, they are larger and only they have curious wavy horns.

It is common to find solitary individuals or forming small groups of about 6 members, with an adult male, some females and their young. The female usually takes her young to dense areas of vegetation to protect them from possible predators while she is nursing them.

The sitatunga is a great swimmer. When disturbed or threatened by a predator, they take refuge in the water of rivers or swamps, so they are able to submerge themselves, exposing only their eyes and nose. They also usually go into the water to look for food, thus avoiding possible carnivores.

Some
curiosities

The sitatunga has a peculiar adaptation to the environment in which it lives. Their hooves are fork-shaped and measure about 18 cm so they can walk through swampy areas without sinking. When they walk on dry ground their gait is ungainly due to the shape and length of these hooves, but they only go to these areas in the rainy season.

African savanna
Wetlands
africans
Habitats
Equatorial jungle
Madagascar Island