red collared lemur

Varicia rubra

Common name

red collared lemur

Habitat

Tropical humid forests.
Features

Family

Lemuridae

Medals

Primates

Class

Mammalia

Gestation

90-102 days

Number of offspring

3

Preproduction

Diet

They feed mainly on fruit, nectar and pollen. During the dry season, when food is scarce, they also feed on leaves, flowers and seeds.

Life

18-20 years in the wild, up to 25 years in captivity.

Biology and behavior

They are large lemurs, with a tail of about 60-65 cm. The dominant coat color is dark brown, with the ventral region, tail, snout and legs black. In addition, they have a white spot on the neck and, sometimes, small lighter areas on the heels, snout and digits. Females are slightly larger than males.

It is a mainly diurnal species and lives in social groups of 2 to 16 individuals where the female is the central nucleus. They are quite territorial animals, aggressively defending their space against other groups of red varis. Territorial marking is also carried out through urine. To communicate they use about 12 different vocalizations.

This lemur is threatened, considered at very high risk of extinction due to the loss of its habitat and hunting; as is the case with most of these Malagasy primates. Human settlements generate crop fields and grazing areas for livestock that destroy the natural habitat of the lemurs.

Some
curiosities

Red-collared lemurs have glands on their wrists, through which they release odors that leave their trail on tree branches to mark their territory. In addition, their long tail helps them move between the trees. On the other hand, they have toenails that they use to groom themselves and the members of their group.

African savanna
Wetlands
africans
Habitats
Equatorial jungle
Madagascar Island