Pan troglodytes verus

Common name



It is found mainly in rainforests and gallery forests, also in riverside forests, mountain forests and jungle clearings, and can also enter wooded savannahs.








240 days

Number of offspring





It is omnivorous, feeding mainly on fruits (half of its diet), leaves, bark and stems. It also feeds on termites and other insects, birds, eggs and chickens, and occasionally small mammals (including other primates).


40-60 years

Biology and behavior

Chimpanzees are very social and diurnal primates. They move mainly on the ground in a quadrupedal manner and spend a lot of time resting in trees and feeding on fruits. They look for food mainly during the day and at dusk, the rest of the time is spent resting and strengthening social ties.

Its social structure is called fusion-fission; The main group of primates (20-80 individuals) is separated into subgroups that are dedicated to different tasks, such as searching for food, the males patrol their territories... at night the subgroups come together again to form the group. main and rest.

The degree of sociability of a chimpanzee depends on its age. For example, an 8-year-old chimpanzee is just as social as his mother. Then, as he becomes more independent from his mother, he spends a lot of time alone and creates a place for himself within his group. He competes with other adult males and in this way also develops other social bonds.

The strongest and oldest chimpanzees are the leaders of the group, with a hierarchy existing among them. A group of individuals can form a coalition and unite to overthrow the dominant male of a group and thus proclaim one of that group as the dominant male of the group.

Body and facial expressions are very important for communication between chimpanzees, through gestures and/or signals they can transmit any type of information. But the strongest social bond is grooming. With grooming, primates remove parasites and dead skin, strengthening social ties between them.

Games do not only occur between young individuals, but are also observed in adult chimpanzees. Males and females who play since they were little, it is possible that in the future they will have a more friendly than aggressive relationship.


Chimpanzees are capable of using different tools to achieve a goal, such as using branches that they insert into termite nests to remove the termites, and they use stones as hammers to break nuts.

They are able to differentiate around 13 plants that use them as medicines for different ailments.

African savanna
Equatorial jungle
Madagascar Island