African elephant

African loxodonta

Common name

African elephant

Habitat

Dry savanna and scrub areas, where agriculture is marginal.
Features

Family

Elephantidae

Medals

proboscidea

Class

Mammalia

Gestation

640-660 days

Number of offspring

1

Preproduction

EEP

Diet

Generalist herbivores, they feed on a wide variety of herbs and herbaceous material including roots, leaves, fruits, branches, bark and seeds.

Life

50-70 years

Biology and behavior

Consuming 5% of its body weight in 24 hours, the African savannah elephant is the largest existing land mammal. Adult males can weigh about 7 tons, measure 4 m in height and 6-7 m in length (including the trunk). His amazing intelligence is famous, as he has a great brain. The head is large and the muscular trunk compensates for its weight. The elephant's trunk has a sensitivity so fine as to pick up a leaf with great delicacy and, at the same time, it is tremendously strong, enough to fell a tree.

Elephant herds are matriarchal. They are made up of related females and their offspring of different ages. The oldest female is the one who leads the group. Adult males are solitary, except during the mating season, but they do not stray too far from their family and are able to recognize them.

Adult elephants have no natural enemies. They usually die of starvation around the age of 70, when their teeth wear down completely and they cannot eat food. Their main predator is man, as they hunt them for the marketing of their so-called fangs (they are the highly developed second incisors). For this reason it is a species in an endangered conservation status.

Some
curiosities

Elephants have pads on the soles of their feet through which they are able to perceive vibrations made by members of the group as a means of communication, by females as a call for mating, and they can even detect earthquakes.

African savanna
Wetlands
africans
Habitats
Equatorial jungle
Madagascar Island